Leadership is an administrative status, the social position connected with adoption of imperious decisions, it is a senior position. Such interpretation of leadership follows from the structurally functional approach assuming consideration of society as difficult, hierarchically organized system of social positions and roles. Occupation in this system of the positions connected with performance of administrative functions (roles) also gives to the person the status of the leader. In other words, leadership is a situation in society which is characterized by ability of the borrowing his face to direct and organize collective behavior of some or all his members.
Specification, development and high-quality enrichment of the situational theory, the theory explaining the leader's phenomenon through his followers and constituents was. According to this theory, the follower perceives the leader, perceives a situation and eventually accepts or rejects leadership.
The institutionalization of the leading positions is reflected in concept of formal leadership. It represents the priority influence of a certain person on members of the organization fixed in its norms and rules, and which is based on situation in public hierarchy, a place in role structures.
Having considerable advantages, treatment of the leader as spokesman of interests of constituents (followers), as well as his situational interpretation, badly works at an explanation of innovations, independence and activity of the leader. The history testifies that some very important properties of heads go to a section with interests and expectations brought them to power of social groups and supporters.
The leader of a small group of persons, possessing the greatest power in this community, having common interests. The leader gets the power of the most authoritative person in group which is formed on the basis of his personal qualities estimated by group directly in the course of joint activity. In this case its functions are functions of the business, intellectual leader and leader of communication.
It is obvious that leadership as the phenomenon, is based on certain objective requirements of difficult organized systems. Treat them, first of all, need for self-organization, streamlining of behavior of separate elements of system for ensuring its vital and functional ability. Such orderliness is carried out through vertical (management-podchineni and horizontal (single-level communications) distribution of functions and roles, and first of all, through allocation of administrative function and the structures which are carrying out it which for the effective work demand the hierarchical, pyramidal organization. Acts as top of such administrative pyramid who other, as the leader.